When you are taking your CNA training courses, you will discuss and learn many different medical problems your patient might face when you are caring for them. One of these problems includes seizures.
Seizures occur when the brain doesn’t work the way it should. This problem occurs when a sudden electrical surge of activity occurs in the brain, affecting how a patient acts and feels for a short period of time. As you will learn during your CNA training, a seizure isn’t a disease by itself. Most often, it is a symptom of a disorder that has affected the brain.
Three out of one hundred children in the United States will experience a seizure at least once before they are 15 years old. About half of these cases are due to high fevers. One out every one hundred children will experience seizures frequently; this is known as epilepsy. While some will outgrow their epilepsy, others will experience seizures their whole lives.
After CNA Training: Warning Signs of Seizures
During CNA training, you will be instructed on the various signs associated with seizures so you can quickly identify these signs while you are caring for patients. Some of the warning signs of seizures include:
- Patients may complain of feeling indescribable and odd feelings
- After CNA training, patients may complain about unusual tastes or smells
- Patients might have unusual experiences, such as out of body experiences, may feel as if others look unfamiliar or strange, or may feel detached from their body
- Patients may have memory lapses or periods of forgetfulness
- You may notice your patients have daydreaming episodes
- You might notice jerking movements in your patient’s legs, arms, and body
- Patients might complain of headaches
- After CNA training, your patients might feel weak, have trouble sleeping, or be very confused
- Patients might experience incontinence
When a seizure does occur, the actual symptoms can vary, depending on the severity of the seizure. After your CNA training, patients may not have traditional and expected convulsions. Their eyes may be simply looking in two different direction and they may smack their lips. They might also stop breathing. If they are suffering from a simple, partial seizure or a complex partial seizure, they may repeat certain actions, like clapping, while the seizure is occurring and won’t remember doing so when the seizure is over.
After CNA Training: What to do About a Seizure
While the majority of your patients after CNA training will take medication to help prevent seizures, you still need to be aware of what you should do if they do experience a seizure while in your care.
- Help them lie down so they don’t fall.
- If they are wearing glasses, take them off.
- Clear the area around them of any dangerous or hard items that could hurt them while they are experience convulsions or jerking movements during a seizure.
- DON’T put anything in the patient’s mouth, especially your fingers. In CNA training, you will learn that patients will not have control over their movements during a seizure and they can bite down on your fingers accidentally.
- Check to make sure your patient is breathing. If they are not breathing and not convulsing, begin CPR, as you were taught in CNA training, and call for help.
- Once the seizure is over, lay the patient on their left side. There is always a chance of vomiting after a seizure, so make sure they are positioned this way so they don’t accidentally inhale any vomit.
Stay with the patient until they have fully recovered, which generally takes five to twenty minutes. They need to be awake and alert afterwards. If it is their first seizure, if seizures are unusual, or it has followed a trauma, they should be immediately treated by a doctor. Seeking help is always essential, no matter what, when your patient has a seizure, though, after you complete CNA training.