After CNA training, you will be required to perform a number of skills while you are providing care for your patients. These duties are typically associated with bedside care and basic nursing characteristics, and are supervised by either a licensed practical nurse (LPN) or a registered nurse (RN). As you might imagine, understanding these skills is important if you want to perform these skills correctly.
Many of the skills you need, you will learn during your CNA training, and they will be developed further as you obtain hand-on experience as a CNA.
Basic Skills You Will Learn During CNA Training
After CNA training, you will be required to perform basic nursing procedures that would otherwise be assigned to a nurse. Because nurses often have demanding schedules and have limited time with their patients, your responsibilities are essential. As a CNA, you will need to be the eyes and ears of your nurse, observing and reporting the conditions of your patients.
There are a quite a few basic skills you will need to learn during CNA training so you can provide the best patient care. Here are ten of them.
- Hygiene- This includes, but is not limited to, oral hygiene, showering and bathing patients, perineal care, and incontinent care.
- Personal care- You will need to help your patients get dressed, brush their hair, provide skin and nail care, and shave your patients after CNA training.
- Food care- You will need to prepare meals, feed patients, serve meals, and understand the types and purposes of certain modified diets.
- Transportation- Many of your patients will not be able to get around without your assistance. For this reason, you will need to be able to transfer them to and from bed, their wheelchair, a regular chair, and a gurney. You will also need to have the skills to move your patient up in bed, transport them to different areas of the medical facility, and help them walk with a walker, gait belt, or cane.
- Collection- You will responsible for collecting non-manipulated, non-invasive specimens, like urine, stool, and sputum specimens.
- Vital Signs- After CNA training, you will need to understand how to take a patient’s vital signs, such as pulse, respiratory rate, blood pressure, and temperature.
- Positions- During CNA training, you will learn the different positions your patients will need in the event of an emergency, during an enema, or while in bed. The positions you will need to use throughout your CNA career are side-lying, fowlers, sims, prone, and supine.
- Housekeeping- You will need to make beds, change linens, and take out trash along with many of your other duties as after CNA training.
- Apply Non-Medicated Ointments- While CNAs are not allowed to give their patients medicine or apply medicated ointments, non-medicated ointments can be used every day. Some ointments you may come across are A&D, Vaseline, Ben Gay, Mineral Ice, Zince Oxide, and Bag Balm Desitin.
- Bedside Manner- One of the most important skills a CNA can have is a wonderful bedside manner. Many of the patients you come across after CNA training will be scared, confused, and dealing with medical issues that may be life threatening. You must be caring, patient, sympathetic, and respectful to each and every one.
After CNA training, you will be responsible for many different skills. These skills will help you provide better care for your patients and be successful in your new and exciting career.
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